Copyright | Ross Paterson 2005 |
---|---|
License | BSD-style (see the LICENSE file in the distribution) |
Maintainer | libraries@haskell.org |
Stability | experimental |
Portability | portable |
Safe Haskell | Trustworthy |
Language | Haskell2010 |
Class of data structures that can be folded to a summary value.
Synopsis
- class Foldable t where
- fold :: Monoid m => t m -> m
- foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> t a -> m
- foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> t a -> m
- foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> t a -> b
- foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> t a -> b
- foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> t a -> b
- foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> t a -> b
- foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> t a -> a
- foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> t a -> a
- toList :: t a -> [a]
- null :: t a -> Bool
- length :: t a -> Int
- elem :: Eq a => a -> t a -> Bool
- maximum :: forall a. Ord a => t a -> a
- minimum :: forall a. Ord a => t a -> a
- sum :: Num a => t a -> a
- product :: Num a => t a -> a
- foldrM :: (Foldable t, Monad m) => (a -> b -> m b) -> b -> t a -> m b
- foldlM :: (Foldable t, Monad m) => (b -> a -> m b) -> b -> t a -> m b
- traverse_ :: (Foldable t, Applicative f) => (a -> f b) -> t a -> f ()
- for_ :: (Foldable t, Applicative f) => t a -> (a -> f b) -> f ()
- sequenceA_ :: (Foldable t, Applicative f) => t (f a) -> f ()
- asum :: (Foldable t, Alternative f) => t (f a) -> f a
- mapM_ :: (Foldable t, Monad m) => (a -> m b) -> t a -> m ()
- forM_ :: (Foldable t, Monad m) => t a -> (a -> m b) -> m ()
- sequence_ :: (Foldable t, Monad m) => t (m a) -> m ()
- msum :: (Foldable t, MonadPlus m) => t (m a) -> m a
- concat :: Foldable t => t [a] -> [a]
- concatMap :: Foldable t => (a -> [b]) -> t a -> [b]
- and :: Foldable t => t Bool -> Bool
- or :: Foldable t => t Bool -> Bool
- any :: Foldable t => (a -> Bool) -> t a -> Bool
- all :: Foldable t => (a -> Bool) -> t a -> Bool
- maximumBy :: Foldable t => (a -> a -> Ordering) -> t a -> a
- minimumBy :: Foldable t => (a -> a -> Ordering) -> t a -> a
- notElem :: (Foldable t, Eq a) => a -> t a -> Bool
- find :: Foldable t => (a -> Bool) -> t a -> Maybe a
Documentation
class Foldable t where Source #
Data structures that can be folded.
For example, given a data type
data Tree a = Empty | Leaf a | Node (Tree a) a (Tree a)
a suitable instance would be
instance Foldable Tree where foldMap f Empty = mempty foldMap f (Leaf x) = f x foldMap f (Node l k r) = foldMap f l `mappend` f k `mappend` foldMap f r
This is suitable even for abstract types, as the monoid is assumed
to satisfy the monoid laws. Alternatively, one could define foldr
:
instance Foldable Tree where foldr f z Empty = z foldr f z (Leaf x) = f x z foldr f z (Node l k r) = foldr f (f k (foldr f z r)) l
Foldable
instances are expected to satisfy the following laws:
foldr f z t = appEndo (foldMap (Endo . f) t ) z
foldl f z t = appEndo (getDual (foldMap (Dual . Endo . flip f) t)) z
fold = foldMap id
length = getSum . foldMap (Sum . const 1)
sum
, product
, maximum
, and minimum
should all be essentially
equivalent to foldMap
forms, such as
sum = getSum . foldMap Sum
but may be less defined.
If the type is also a Functor
instance, it should satisfy
foldMap f = fold . fmap f
which implies that
foldMap f . fmap g = foldMap (f . g)
fold :: Monoid m => t m -> m Source #
Combine the elements of a structure using a monoid.
Examples
Basic usage:
>>>
fold [[1, 2, 3], [4, 5], [6], []]
[1,2,3,4,5,6]
>>>
fold [Sum 1, Sum 3, Sum 5]
Sum {getSum = 9}
Infinite structures never terminate:
>>>
fold (repeat Nothing)
* Hangs forever *
foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> t a -> m Source #
Map each element of the structure to a monoid, and combine the results.
Examples
Basic usage:
>>>
foldMap Sum [1, 3, 5]
Sum {getSum = 9}
>>>
foldMap Product [1, 3, 5]
Product {getProduct = 15}
>>>
foldMap (replicate 3) [1, 2, 3]
[1,1,1,2,2,2,3,3,3]
Infinite structures never terminate:
>>>
foldMap Sum [1..]
* Hangs forever *
foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> t a -> m Source #
A variant of foldMap
that is strict in the accumulator.
Since: base-4.13.0.0
foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> t a -> b Source #
Right-associative fold of a structure.
In the case of lists, foldr
, when applied to a binary operator, a
starting value (typically the right-identity of the operator), and a
list, reduces the list using the binary operator, from right to left:
foldr f z [x1, x2, ..., xn] == x1 `f` (x2 `f` ... (xn `f` z)...)
Note that, since the head of the resulting expression is produced by
an application of the operator to the first element of the list,
foldr
can produce a terminating expression from an infinite list.
For a general Foldable
structure this should be semantically identical
to,
foldr f z =foldr
f z .toList
Examples
Basic usage:
>>>
foldr (||) False [False, True, False]
True
>>>
foldr (||) False []
False
>>>
foldr (\nextChar reversedString -> reversedString ++ [nextChar]) "foo" ['a', 'b', 'c', 'd']
"foodcba"
Infinite structures
⚠️ Applying foldr
to infinite structures usually doesn't terminate.
It may still terminate in one of the following conditions:
- the folding function is short-circuiting
- the folding function is lazy on its second argument
Short-circuiting
'(||)' short-circuits on True
values, so the following terminates because there is a True
value finitely far from the left side:
>>>
foldr (||) False (True : repeat False)
True
But the following doesn't terminate:
>>>
foldr (||) False (repeat False ++ [True])
* Hangs forever *
Laziness in the second argument
Applying foldr
to infinite structures terminates when the folding function is lazy on its second argument:
>>>
foldr (\nextElement accumulator -> nextElement : fmap (+3) accumulator) [42] (repeat 1)
[1,4,7,10,13,16,19,22,25,28,31,34,37,40,43...
>>>
take 5 $ foldr (\nextElement accumulator -> nextElement : fmap (+3) accumulator) [42] (repeat 1)
[1,4,7,10,13]
foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> t a -> b Source #
Right-associative fold of a structure, but with strict application of the operator.
Since: base-4.6.0.0
foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> t a -> b Source #
Left-associative fold of a structure.
In the case of lists, foldl
, when applied to a binary
operator, a starting value (typically the left-identity of the operator),
and a list, reduces the list using the binary operator, from left to
right:
foldl f z [x1, x2, ..., xn] == (...((z `f` x1) `f` x2) `f`...) `f` xn
Note that to produce the outermost application of the operator the
entire input list must be traversed. This means that foldl'
will
diverge if given an infinite list.
Also note that if you want an efficient left-fold, you probably want to
use foldl'
instead of foldl
. The reason for this is that latter does
not force the "inner" results (e.g. z `f` x1
in the above example)
before applying them to the operator (e.g. to (`f` x2)
). This results
in a thunk chain \(\mathcal{O}(n)\) elements long, which then must be
evaluated from the outside-in.
For a general Foldable
structure this should be semantically identical
to,
foldl f z =foldl
f z .toList
Examples
Basic usage:
>>>
foldl (+) 42 (Node (Leaf 1) 3 (Node Empty 4 (Leaf 2)))
52
>>>
foldl (+) 42 Empty
42
>>>
foldl (\string nextElement -> nextElement : string) "abcd" (Node (Leaf 'd') 'e' (Node Empty 'f' (Leaf 'g')))
"gfedabcd"
Left-folding infinite structures never terminates:
>>>
let infiniteNode = Node Empty 1 infiniteNode in foldl (+) 42 infiniteNode
* Hangs forever *
Evaluating the head of the result (when applicable) does not terminate, unlike foldr
:
>>>
let infiniteNode = Node Empty 'd' infiniteNode in take 5 (foldl (\string nextElement -> nextElement : string) "abc" infiniteNode)
* Hangs forever *
foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> t a -> b Source #
Left-associative fold of a structure but with strict application of the operator.
This ensures that each step of the fold is forced to weak head normal
form before being applied, avoiding the collection of thunks that would
otherwise occur. This is often what you want to strictly reduce a finite
list to a single, monolithic result (e.g. length
).
For a general Foldable
structure this should be semantically identical
to,
foldl' f z =foldl'
f z .toList
Since: base-4.6.0.0
foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> t a -> a Source #
A variant of foldr
that has no base case,
and thus may only be applied to non-empty structures.
⚠️ This function is non-total and will raise a runtime exception if the structure happens to be empty.
Examples
Basic usage:
>>>
foldr1 (+) [1..4]
10
>>>
foldr1 (+) []
Exception: Prelude.foldr1: empty list
>>>
foldr1 (+) Nothing
*** Exception: foldr1: empty structure
>>>
foldr1 (-) [1..4]
-2
>>>
foldr1 (&&) [True, False, True, True]
False
>>>
foldr1 (||) [False, False, True, True]
True
>>>
foldr1 (+) [1..]
* Hangs forever *
foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> t a -> a Source #
A variant of foldl
that has no base case,
and thus may only be applied to non-empty structures.
⚠️ This function is non-total and will raise a runtime exception if the structure happens to be empty.
foldl1
f =foldl1
f .toList
Examples
Basic usage:
>>>
foldl1 (+) [1..4]
10
>>>
foldl1 (+) []
*** Exception: Prelude.foldl1: empty list
>>>
foldl1 (+) Nothing
*** Exception: foldl1: empty structure
>>>
foldl1 (-) [1..4]
-8
>>>
foldl1 (&&) [True, False, True, True]
False
>>>
foldl1 (||) [False, False, True, True]
True
>>>
foldl1 (+) [1..]
* Hangs forever *
List of elements of a structure, from left to right.
Examples
Basic usage:
>>>
toList Nothing
[]
>>>
toList (Just 42)
[42]
>>>
toList (Left "foo")
[]
>>>
toList (Node (Leaf 5) 17 (Node Empty 12 (Leaf 8)))
[5,17,12,8]
For lists, toList
is the identity:
>>>
toList [1, 2, 3]
[1,2,3]
Since: base-4.8.0.0
Test whether the structure is empty. The default implementation is optimized for structures that are similar to cons-lists, because there is no general way to do better.
Examples
Basic usage:
>>>
null []
True
>>>
null [1]
False
null
terminates even for infinite structures:
>>>
null [1..]
False
Since: base-4.8.0.0
Returns the size/length of a finite structure as an Int
. The
default implementation is optimized for structures that are similar to
cons-lists, because there is no general way to do better.
Examples
Basic usage:
>>>
length []
0
>>>
length ['a', 'b', 'c']
3>>>
length [1..]
* Hangs forever *
Since: base-4.8.0.0
elem :: Eq a => a -> t a -> Bool infix 4 Source #
Does the element occur in the structure?
Note: elem
is often used in infix form.
Examples
Basic usage:
>>>
3 `elem` []
False
>>>
3 `elem` [1,2]
False
>>>
3 `elem` [1,2,3,4,5]
True
For infinite structures, elem
terminates if the value exists at a
finite distance from the left side of the structure:
>>>
3 `elem` [1..]
True
>>>
3 `elem` ([4..] ++ [3])
* Hangs forever *
Since: base-4.8.0.0
maximum :: forall a. Ord a => t a -> a Source #
The largest element of a non-empty structure.
⚠️ This function is non-total and will raise a runtime exception if the structure happens to be empty.
Examples
Basic usage:
>>>
maximum [1..10]
10
>>>
maximum []
*** Exception: Prelude.maximum: empty list
>>>
maximum Nothing
*** Exception: maximum: empty structure
Since: base-4.8.0.0
minimum :: forall a. Ord a => t a -> a Source #
The least element of a non-empty structure.
⚠️ This function is non-total and will raise a runtime exception if the structure happens to be empty
Examples
Basic usage:
>>>
minimum [1..10]
1
>>>
minimum []
*** Exception: Prelude.minimum: empty list
>>>
minimum Nothing
*** Exception: minimum: empty structure
Since: base-4.8.0.0
sum :: Num a => t a -> a Source #
The sum
function computes the sum of the numbers of a structure.
Examples
Basic usage:
>>>
sum []
0
>>>
sum [42]
42
>>>
sum [1..10]
55
>>>
sum [4.1, 2.0, 1.7]
7.8
>>>
sum [1..]
* Hangs forever *
Since: base-4.8.0.0
product :: Num a => t a -> a Source #
The product
function computes the product of the numbers of a
structure.
Examples
Basic usage:
>>>
product []
1
>>>
product [42]
42
>>>
product [1..10]
3628800
>>>
product [4.1, 2.0, 1.7]
13.939999999999998
>>>
product [1..]
* Hangs forever *
Since: base-4.8.0.0
Instances
Foldable [] # | Since: base-2.1 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => [m] -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> [a] -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> [a] -> m Source # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> [a] -> b Source # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> [a] -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> [a] -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> [a] -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> [a] -> a Source # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> [a] -> a Source # elem :: Eq a => a -> [a] -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a => [a] -> a Source # minimum :: Ord a => [a] -> a Source # | |
Foldable Maybe # | Since: base-2.1 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => Maybe m -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Maybe a -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Maybe a -> m Source # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Maybe a -> b Source # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Maybe a -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Maybe a -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Maybe a -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Maybe a -> a Source # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Maybe a -> a Source # toList :: Maybe a -> [a] Source # null :: Maybe a -> Bool Source # length :: Maybe a -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a => a -> Maybe a -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a => Maybe a -> a Source # minimum :: Ord a => Maybe a -> a Source # | |
Foldable Par1 # | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => Par1 m -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Par1 a -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Par1 a -> m Source # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Par1 a -> b Source # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Par1 a -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Par1 a -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Par1 a -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Par1 a -> a Source # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Par1 a -> a Source # toList :: Par1 a -> [a] Source # null :: Par1 a -> Bool Source # length :: Par1 a -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a => a -> Par1 a -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a => Par1 a -> a Source # minimum :: Ord a => Par1 a -> a Source # | |
Foldable NonEmpty # | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => NonEmpty m -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> NonEmpty a -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> NonEmpty a -> m Source # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> NonEmpty a -> b Source # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> NonEmpty a -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> NonEmpty a -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> NonEmpty a -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> NonEmpty a -> a Source # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> NonEmpty a -> a Source # toList :: NonEmpty a -> [a] Source # null :: NonEmpty a -> Bool Source # length :: NonEmpty a -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a => a -> NonEmpty a -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a => NonEmpty a -> a Source # minimum :: Ord a => NonEmpty a -> a Source # | |
Foldable Down # | Since: base-4.12.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => Down m -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Down a -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Down a -> m Source # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Down a -> b Source # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Down a -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Down a -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Down a -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Down a -> a Source # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Down a -> a Source # toList :: Down a -> [a] Source # null :: Down a -> Bool Source # length :: Down a -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a => a -> Down a -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a => Down a -> a Source # minimum :: Ord a => Down a -> a Source # | |
Foldable Product # | Since: base-4.8.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => Product m -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Product a -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Product a -> m Source # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Product a -> b Source # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Product a -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Product a -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Product a -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Product a -> a Source # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Product a -> a Source # toList :: Product a -> [a] Source # null :: Product a -> Bool Source # length :: Product a -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a => a -> Product a -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a => Product a -> a Source # minimum :: Ord a => Product a -> a Source # | |
Foldable Sum # | Since: base-4.8.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => Sum m -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Sum a -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Sum a -> m Source # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Sum a -> b Source # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Sum a -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Sum a -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Sum a -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Sum a -> a Source # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Sum a -> a Source # toList :: Sum a -> [a] Source # null :: Sum a -> Bool Source # length :: Sum a -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a => a -> Sum a -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a => Sum a -> a Source # minimum :: Ord a => Sum a -> a Source # | |
Foldable Dual # | Since: base-4.8.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => Dual m -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Dual a -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Dual a -> m Source # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Dual a -> b Source # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Dual a -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Dual a -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Dual a -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Dual a -> a Source # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Dual a -> a Source # toList :: Dual a -> [a] Source # null :: Dual a -> Bool Source # length :: Dual a -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a => a -> Dual a -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a => Dual a -> a Source # minimum :: Ord a => Dual a -> a Source # | |
Foldable Last # | Since: base-4.8.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => Last m -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Last a -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Last a -> m Source # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Last a -> b Source # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Last a -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Last a -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Last a -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Last a -> a Source # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Last a -> a Source # toList :: Last a -> [a] Source # null :: Last a -> Bool Source # length :: Last a -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a => a -> Last a -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a => Last a -> a Source # minimum :: Ord a => Last a -> a Source # | |
Foldable First # | Since: base-4.8.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => First m -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> First a -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> First a -> m Source # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> First a -> b Source # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> First a -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> First a -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> First a -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> First a -> a Source # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> First a -> a Source # toList :: First a -> [a] Source # null :: First a -> Bool Source # length :: First a -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a => a -> First a -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a => First a -> a Source # minimum :: Ord a => First a -> a Source # | |
Foldable Identity # | Since: base-4.8.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Functor.Identity fold :: Monoid m => Identity m -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Identity a -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Identity a -> m Source # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Identity a -> b Source # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Identity a -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Identity a -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Identity a -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Identity a -> a Source # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Identity a -> a Source # toList :: Identity a -> [a] Source # null :: Identity a -> Bool Source # length :: Identity a -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a => a -> Identity a -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a => Identity a -> a Source # minimum :: Ord a => Identity a -> a Source # | |
Foldable ZipList # | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Control.Applicative fold :: Monoid m => ZipList m -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> ZipList a -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> ZipList a -> m Source # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> ZipList a -> b Source # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> ZipList a -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> ZipList a -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> ZipList a -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> ZipList a -> a Source # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> ZipList a -> a Source # toList :: ZipList a -> [a] Source # null :: ZipList a -> Bool Source # length :: ZipList a -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a => a -> ZipList a -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a => ZipList a -> a Source # minimum :: Ord a => ZipList a -> a Source # | |
Foldable Option # | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Semigroup fold :: Monoid m => Option m -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Option a -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Option a -> m Source # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Option a -> b Source # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Option a -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Option a -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Option a -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Option a -> a Source # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Option a -> a Source # toList :: Option a -> [a] Source # null :: Option a -> Bool Source # length :: Option a -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a => a -> Option a -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a => Option a -> a Source # minimum :: Ord a => Option a -> a Source # | |
Foldable Last # | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Semigroup fold :: Monoid m => Last m -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Last a -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Last a -> m Source # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Last a -> b Source # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Last a -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Last a -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Last a -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Last a -> a Source # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Last a -> a Source # toList :: Last a -> [a] Source # null :: Last a -> Bool Source # length :: Last a -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a => a -> Last a -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a => Last a -> a Source # minimum :: Ord a => Last a -> a Source # | |
Foldable First # | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Semigroup fold :: Monoid m => First m -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> First a -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> First a -> m Source # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> First a -> b Source # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> First a -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> First a -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> First a -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> First a -> a Source # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> First a -> a Source # toList :: First a -> [a] Source # null :: First a -> Bool Source # length :: First a -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a => a -> First a -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a => First a -> a Source # minimum :: Ord a => First a -> a Source # | |
Foldable Max # | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Semigroup fold :: Monoid m => Max m -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Max a -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Max a -> m Source # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Max a -> b Source # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Max a -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Max a -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Max a -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Max a -> a Source # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Max a -> a Source # toList :: Max a -> [a] Source # null :: Max a -> Bool Source # length :: Max a -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a => a -> Max a -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a => Max a -> a Source # minimum :: Ord a => Max a -> a Source # | |
Foldable Min # | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Semigroup fold :: Monoid m => Min m -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Min a -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Min a -> m Source # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Min a -> b Source # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Min a -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Min a -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Min a -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Min a -> a Source # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Min a -> a Source # toList :: Min a -> [a] Source # null :: Min a -> Bool Source # length :: Min a -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a => a -> Min a -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a => Min a -> a Source # minimum :: Ord a => Min a -> a Source # | |
Foldable Complex # | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Complex fold :: Monoid m => Complex m -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Complex a -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Complex a -> m Source # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Complex a -> b Source # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Complex a -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Complex a -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Complex a -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Complex a -> a Source # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Complex a -> a Source # toList :: Complex a -> [a] Source # null :: Complex a -> Bool Source # length :: Complex a -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a => a -> Complex a -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a => Complex a -> a Source # minimum :: Ord a => Complex a -> a Source # | |
Foldable (Either a) # | Since: base-4.7.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => Either a m -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a0 -> m) -> Either a a0 -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a0 -> m) -> Either a a0 -> m Source # foldr :: (a0 -> b -> b) -> b -> Either a a0 -> b Source # foldr' :: (a0 -> b -> b) -> b -> Either a a0 -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a0 -> b) -> b -> Either a a0 -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a0 -> b) -> b -> Either a a0 -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a0 -> a0 -> a0) -> Either a a0 -> a0 Source # foldl1 :: (a0 -> a0 -> a0) -> Either a a0 -> a0 Source # toList :: Either a a0 -> [a0] Source # null :: Either a a0 -> Bool Source # length :: Either a a0 -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a0 => a0 -> Either a a0 -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a0 => Either a a0 -> a0 Source # minimum :: Ord a0 => Either a a0 -> a0 Source # | |
Foldable (V1 :: Type -> Type) # | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => V1 m -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> V1 a -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> V1 a -> m Source # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> V1 a -> b Source # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> V1 a -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> V1 a -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> V1 a -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> V1 a -> a Source # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> V1 a -> a Source # toList :: V1 a -> [a] Source # length :: V1 a -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a => a -> V1 a -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a => V1 a -> a Source # minimum :: Ord a => V1 a -> a Source # | |
Foldable (U1 :: Type -> Type) # | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => U1 m -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> U1 a -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> U1 a -> m Source # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> U1 a -> b Source # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> U1 a -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> U1 a -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> U1 a -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> U1 a -> a Source # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> U1 a -> a Source # toList :: U1 a -> [a] Source # length :: U1 a -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a => a -> U1 a -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a => U1 a -> a Source # minimum :: Ord a => U1 a -> a Source # | |
Foldable (UAddr :: Type -> Type) # | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => UAddr m -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> UAddr a -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> UAddr a -> m Source # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> UAddr a -> b Source # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> UAddr a -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> UAddr a -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> UAddr a -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> UAddr a -> a Source # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> UAddr a -> a Source # toList :: UAddr a -> [a] Source # null :: UAddr a -> Bool Source # length :: UAddr a -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a => a -> UAddr a -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a => UAddr a -> a Source # minimum :: Ord a => UAddr a -> a Source # | |
Foldable (UChar :: Type -> Type) # | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => UChar m -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> UChar a -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> UChar a -> m Source # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> UChar a -> b Source # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> UChar a -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> UChar a -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> UChar a -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> UChar a -> a Source # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> UChar a -> a Source # toList :: UChar a -> [a] Source # null :: UChar a -> Bool Source # length :: UChar a -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a => a -> UChar a -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a => UChar a -> a Source # minimum :: Ord a => UChar a -> a Source # | |
Foldable (UDouble :: Type -> Type) # | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => UDouble m -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> UDouble a -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> UDouble a -> m Source # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> UDouble a -> b Source # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> UDouble a -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> UDouble a -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> UDouble a -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> UDouble a -> a Source # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> UDouble a -> a Source # toList :: UDouble a -> [a] Source # null :: UDouble a -> Bool Source # length :: UDouble a -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a => a -> UDouble a -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a => UDouble a -> a Source # minimum :: Ord a => UDouble a -> a Source # | |
Foldable (UFloat :: Type -> Type) # | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => UFloat m -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> UFloat a -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> UFloat a -> m Source # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> UFloat a -> b Source # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> UFloat a -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> UFloat a -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> UFloat a -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> UFloat a -> a Source # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> UFloat a -> a Source # toList :: UFloat a -> [a] Source # null :: UFloat a -> Bool Source # length :: UFloat a -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a => a -> UFloat a -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a => UFloat a -> a Source # minimum :: Ord a => UFloat a -> a Source # | |
Foldable (UInt :: Type -> Type) # | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => UInt m -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> UInt a -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> UInt a -> m Source # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> UInt a -> b Source # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> UInt a -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> UInt a -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> UInt a -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> UInt a -> a Source # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> UInt a -> a Source # toList :: UInt a -> [a] Source # null :: UInt a -> Bool Source # length :: UInt a -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a => a -> UInt a -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a => UInt a -> a Source # minimum :: Ord a => UInt a -> a Source # | |
Foldable (UWord :: Type -> Type) # | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => UWord m -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> UWord a -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> UWord a -> m Source # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> UWord a -> b Source # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> UWord a -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> UWord a -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> UWord a -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> UWord a -> a Source # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> UWord a -> a Source # toList :: UWord a -> [a] Source # null :: UWord a -> Bool Source # length :: UWord a -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a => a -> UWord a -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a => UWord a -> a Source # minimum :: Ord a => UWord a -> a Source # | |
Foldable ((,) a) # | Since: base-4.7.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => (a, m) -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a0 -> m) -> (a, a0) -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a0 -> m) -> (a, a0) -> m Source # foldr :: (a0 -> b -> b) -> b -> (a, a0) -> b Source # foldr' :: (a0 -> b -> b) -> b -> (a, a0) -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a0 -> b) -> b -> (a, a0) -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a0 -> b) -> b -> (a, a0) -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a0 -> a0 -> a0) -> (a, a0) -> a0 Source # foldl1 :: (a0 -> a0 -> a0) -> (a, a0) -> a0 Source # toList :: (a, a0) -> [a0] Source # null :: (a, a0) -> Bool Source # length :: (a, a0) -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a0 => a0 -> (a, a0) -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a0 => (a, a0) -> a0 Source # minimum :: Ord a0 => (a, a0) -> a0 Source # | |
Foldable (Array i) # | Since: base-4.8.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => Array i m -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Array i a -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Array i a -> m Source # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Array i a -> b Source # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Array i a -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Array i a -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Array i a -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Array i a -> a Source # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Array i a -> a Source # toList :: Array i a -> [a] Source # null :: Array i a -> Bool Source # length :: Array i a -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a => a -> Array i a -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a => Array i a -> a Source # minimum :: Ord a => Array i a -> a Source # | |
Foldable (Proxy :: Type -> Type) # | Since: base-4.7.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => Proxy m -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Proxy a -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Proxy a -> m Source # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Proxy a -> b Source # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Proxy a -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Proxy a -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Proxy a -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Proxy a -> a Source # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Proxy a -> a Source # toList :: Proxy a -> [a] Source # null :: Proxy a -> Bool Source # length :: Proxy a -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a => a -> Proxy a -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a => Proxy a -> a Source # minimum :: Ord a => Proxy a -> a Source # | |
Foldable (Arg a) # | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Semigroup fold :: Monoid m => Arg a m -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a0 -> m) -> Arg a a0 -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a0 -> m) -> Arg a a0 -> m Source # foldr :: (a0 -> b -> b) -> b -> Arg a a0 -> b Source # foldr' :: (a0 -> b -> b) -> b -> Arg a a0 -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a0 -> b) -> b -> Arg a a0 -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a0 -> b) -> b -> Arg a a0 -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a0 -> a0 -> a0) -> Arg a a0 -> a0 Source # foldl1 :: (a0 -> a0 -> a0) -> Arg a a0 -> a0 Source # toList :: Arg a a0 -> [a0] Source # null :: Arg a a0 -> Bool Source # length :: Arg a a0 -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a0 => a0 -> Arg a a0 -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a0 => Arg a a0 -> a0 Source # minimum :: Ord a0 => Arg a a0 -> a0 Source # | |
Foldable f => Foldable (Rec1 f) # | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => Rec1 f m -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Rec1 f a -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Rec1 f a -> m Source # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Rec1 f a -> b Source # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Rec1 f a -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Rec1 f a -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Rec1 f a -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Rec1 f a -> a Source # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Rec1 f a -> a Source # toList :: Rec1 f a -> [a] Source # null :: Rec1 f a -> Bool Source # length :: Rec1 f a -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a => a -> Rec1 f a -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a => Rec1 f a -> a Source # minimum :: Ord a => Rec1 f a -> a Source # | |
Foldable f => Foldable (Alt f) # | Since: base-4.12.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => Alt f m -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Alt f a -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Alt f a -> m Source # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Alt f a -> b Source # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Alt f a -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Alt f a -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Alt f a -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Alt f a -> a Source # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Alt f a -> a Source # toList :: Alt f a -> [a] Source # null :: Alt f a -> Bool Source # length :: Alt f a -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a => a -> Alt f a -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a => Alt f a -> a Source # minimum :: Ord a => Alt f a -> a Source # | |
Foldable f => Foldable (Ap f) # | Since: base-4.12.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => Ap f m -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Ap f a -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Ap f a -> m Source # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Ap f a -> b Source # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Ap f a -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Ap f a -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Ap f a -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Ap f a -> a Source # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Ap f a -> a Source # toList :: Ap f a -> [a] Source # null :: Ap f a -> Bool Source # length :: Ap f a -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a => a -> Ap f a -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a => Ap f a -> a Source # minimum :: Ord a => Ap f a -> a Source # | |
Foldable (Const m :: Type -> Type) # | Since: base-4.7.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Functor.Const fold :: Monoid m0 => Const m m0 -> m0 Source # foldMap :: Monoid m0 => (a -> m0) -> Const m a -> m0 Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m0 => (a -> m0) -> Const m a -> m0 Source # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Const m a -> b Source # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Const m a -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Const m a -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Const m a -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Const m a -> a Source # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Const m a -> a Source # toList :: Const m a -> [a] Source # null :: Const m a -> Bool Source # length :: Const m a -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a => a -> Const m a -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a => Const m a -> a Source # minimum :: Ord a => Const m a -> a Source # | |
Foldable (K1 i c :: Type -> Type) # | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => K1 i c m -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> K1 i c a -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> K1 i c a -> m Source # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> K1 i c a -> b Source # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> K1 i c a -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> K1 i c a -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> K1 i c a -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> K1 i c a -> a Source # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> K1 i c a -> a Source # toList :: K1 i c a -> [a] Source # null :: K1 i c a -> Bool Source # length :: K1 i c a -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a => a -> K1 i c a -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a => K1 i c a -> a Source # minimum :: Ord a => K1 i c a -> a Source # | |
(Foldable f, Foldable g) => Foldable (f :+: g) # | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => (f :+: g) m -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> (f :+: g) a -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> (f :+: g) a -> m Source # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> (f :+: g) a -> b Source # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> (f :+: g) a -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> (f :+: g) a -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> (f :+: g) a -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> (f :+: g) a -> a Source # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> (f :+: g) a -> a Source # toList :: (f :+: g) a -> [a] Source # null :: (f :+: g) a -> Bool Source # length :: (f :+: g) a -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a => a -> (f :+: g) a -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a => (f :+: g) a -> a Source # minimum :: Ord a => (f :+: g) a -> a Source # | |
(Foldable f, Foldable g) => Foldable (f :*: g) # | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => (f :*: g) m -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> (f :*: g) a -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> (f :*: g) a -> m Source # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> (f :*: g) a -> b Source # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> (f :*: g) a -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> (f :*: g) a -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> (f :*: g) a -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> (f :*: g) a -> a Source # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> (f :*: g) a -> a Source # toList :: (f :*: g) a -> [a] Source # null :: (f :*: g) a -> Bool Source # length :: (f :*: g) a -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a => a -> (f :*: g) a -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a => (f :*: g) a -> a Source # minimum :: Ord a => (f :*: g) a -> a Source # | |
(Foldable f, Foldable g) => Foldable (Sum f g) # | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Functor.Sum fold :: Monoid m => Sum f g m -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Sum f g a -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Sum f g a -> m Source # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Sum f g a -> b Source # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Sum f g a -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Sum f g a -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Sum f g a -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Sum f g a -> a Source # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Sum f g a -> a Source # toList :: Sum f g a -> [a] Source # null :: Sum f g a -> Bool Source # length :: Sum f g a -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a => a -> Sum f g a -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a => Sum f g a -> a Source # minimum :: Ord a => Sum f g a -> a Source # | |
(Foldable f, Foldable g) => Foldable (Product f g) # | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Functor.Product fold :: Monoid m => Product f g m -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Product f g a -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Product f g a -> m Source # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Product f g a -> b Source # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Product f g a -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Product f g a -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Product f g a -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Product f g a -> a Source # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Product f g a -> a Source # toList :: Product f g a -> [a] Source # null :: Product f g a -> Bool Source # length :: Product f g a -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a => a -> Product f g a -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a => Product f g a -> a Source # minimum :: Ord a => Product f g a -> a Source # | |
Foldable f => Foldable (M1 i c f) # | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => M1 i c f m -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> M1 i c f a -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> M1 i c f a -> m Source # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> M1 i c f a -> b Source # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> M1 i c f a -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> M1 i c f a -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> M1 i c f a -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> M1 i c f a -> a Source # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> M1 i c f a -> a Source # toList :: M1 i c f a -> [a] Source # null :: M1 i c f a -> Bool Source # length :: M1 i c f a -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a => a -> M1 i c f a -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a => M1 i c f a -> a Source # minimum :: Ord a => M1 i c f a -> a Source # | |
(Foldable f, Foldable g) => Foldable (f :.: g) # | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => (f :.: g) m -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> (f :.: g) a -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> (f :.: g) a -> m Source # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> (f :.: g) a -> b Source # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> (f :.: g) a -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> (f :.: g) a -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> (f :.: g) a -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> (f :.: g) a -> a Source # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> (f :.: g) a -> a Source # toList :: (f :.: g) a -> [a] Source # null :: (f :.: g) a -> Bool Source # length :: (f :.: g) a -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a => a -> (f :.: g) a -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a => (f :.: g) a -> a Source # minimum :: Ord a => (f :.: g) a -> a Source # | |
(Foldable f, Foldable g) => Foldable (Compose f g) # | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Functor.Compose fold :: Monoid m => Compose f g m -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Compose f g a -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Compose f g a -> m Source # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Compose f g a -> b Source # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Compose f g a -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Compose f g a -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Compose f g a -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Compose f g a -> a Source # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Compose f g a -> a Source # toList :: Compose f g a -> [a] Source # null :: Compose f g a -> Bool Source # length :: Compose f g a -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a => a -> Compose f g a -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a => Compose f g a -> a Source # minimum :: Ord a => Compose f g a -> a Source # |
Special biased folds
foldrM :: (Foldable t, Monad m) => (a -> b -> m b) -> b -> t a -> m b Source #
Monadic fold over the elements of a structure, associating to the right, i.e. from right to left.
Examples
Basic usage:
>>>
foldrM (\string acc -> print string >> pure (acc + length string)) 42 ["Hello", "world", "!"]
"!" "world" "Hello" 53
foldlM :: (Foldable t, Monad m) => (b -> a -> m b) -> b -> t a -> m b Source #
Monadic fold over the elements of a structure, associating to the left, i.e. from left to right.
Examples
Basic usage:
>>>
foldlM (\acc string -> print string >> pure (acc + length string)) 42 ["Hello", "world", "!"]
"Hello" "world" "!" 53
Folding actions
Applicative actions
traverse_ :: (Foldable t, Applicative f) => (a -> f b) -> t a -> f () Source #
Map each element of a structure to an action, evaluate these
actions from left to right, and ignore the results. For a version
that doesn't ignore the results see traverse
.
Examples
Basic usage:
>>>
traverse_ print ["Hello", "world", "!"]
"Hello" "world" "!"
for_ :: (Foldable t, Applicative f) => t a -> (a -> f b) -> f () Source #
sequenceA_ :: (Foldable t, Applicative f) => t (f a) -> f () Source #
Evaluate each action in the structure from left to right, and
ignore the results. For a version that doesn't ignore the results
see sequenceA
.
Examples
Basic usage:
>>>
sequenceA_ [print "Hello", print "world", print "!"]
"Hello" "world" "!"
asum :: (Foldable t, Alternative f) => t (f a) -> f a Source #
The sum of a collection of actions, generalizing concat
.
Examples
Basic usage:
>>>
asum [Just "Hello", Nothing, Just "World"]
Just "Hello"
Monadic actions
sequence_ :: (Foldable t, Monad m) => t (m a) -> m () Source #
Evaluate each monadic action in the structure from left to right,
and ignore the results. For a version that doesn't ignore the
results see sequence
.
As of base 4.8.0.0, sequence_
is just sequenceA_
, specialized
to Monad
.
Specialized folds
concat :: Foldable t => t [a] -> [a] Source #
The concatenation of all the elements of a container of lists.
Examples
Basic usage:
>>>
concat (Just [1, 2, 3])
[1,2,3]
>>>
concat (Node (Leaf [1, 2, 3]) [4, 5] (Node Empty [6] (Leaf [])))
[1,2,3,4,5,6]
concatMap :: Foldable t => (a -> [b]) -> t a -> [b] Source #
Map a function over all the elements of a container and concatenate the resulting lists.
Examples
Basic usage:
>>>
concatMap (take 3) [[1..], [10..], [100..], [1000..]]
[1,2,3,10,11,12,100,101,102,1000,1001,1002]
>>>
concatMap (take 3) (Node (Leaf [1..]) [10..] Empty)
[1,2,3,10,11,12]
and :: Foldable t => t Bool -> Bool Source #
and
returns the conjunction of a container of Bools. For the
result to be True
, the container must be finite; False
, however,
results from a False
value finitely far from the left end.
Examples
Basic usage:
>>>
and []
True
>>>
and [True]
True
>>>
and [False]
False
>>>
and [True, True, False]
False
>>>
and (False : repeat True) -- Infinite list [False,True,True,True,True,True,True...
False
>>>
and (repeat True)
* Hangs forever *
or :: Foldable t => t Bool -> Bool Source #
or
returns the disjunction of a container of Bools. For the
result to be False
, the container must be finite; True
, however,
results from a True
value finitely far from the left end.
Examples
Basic usage:
>>>
or []
False
>>>
or [True]
True
>>>
or [False]
False
>>>
or [True, True, False]
True
>>>
or (True : repeat False) -- Infinite list [True,False,False,False,False,False,False...
True
>>>
or (repeat False)
* Hangs forever *
any :: Foldable t => (a -> Bool) -> t a -> Bool Source #
Determines whether any element of the structure satisfies the predicate.
Examples
Basic usage:
>>>
any (> 3) []
False
>>>
any (> 3) [1,2]
False
>>>
any (> 3) [1,2,3,4,5]
True
>>>
any (> 3) [1..]
True
>>>
any (> 3) [0, -1..]
* Hangs forever *
all :: Foldable t => (a -> Bool) -> t a -> Bool Source #
Determines whether all elements of the structure satisfy the predicate.
Examples
Basic usage:
>>>
all (> 3) []
True
>>>
all (> 3) [1,2]
False
>>>
all (> 3) [1,2,3,4,5]
False
>>>
all (> 3) [1..]
False
>>>
all (> 3) [4..]
* Hangs forever *
maximumBy :: Foldable t => (a -> a -> Ordering) -> t a -> a Source #
The largest element of a non-empty structure with respect to the given comparison function.
Examples
Basic usage:
>>>
maximumBy (compare `on` length) ["Hello", "World", "!", "Longest", "bar"]
"Longest"
minimumBy :: Foldable t => (a -> a -> Ordering) -> t a -> a Source #
The least element of a non-empty structure with respect to the given comparison function.
Examples
Basic usage:
>>>
minimumBy (compare `on` length) ["Hello", "World", "!", "Longest", "bar"]
"!"
Searches
notElem :: (Foldable t, Eq a) => a -> t a -> Bool infix 4 Source #
notElem
is the negation of elem
.
Examples
Basic usage:
>>>
3 `notElem` []
True
>>>
3 `notElem` [1,2]
True
>>>
3 `notElem` [1,2,3,4,5]
False
For infinite structures, notElem
terminates if the value exists at a
finite distance from the left side of the structure:
>>>
3 `notElem` [1..]
False
>>>
3 `notElem` ([4..] ++ [3])
* Hangs forever *
find :: Foldable t => (a -> Bool) -> t a -> Maybe a Source #
The find
function takes a predicate and a structure and returns
the leftmost element of the structure matching the predicate, or
Nothing
if there is no such element.
Examples
Basic usage:
>>>
find (> 42) [0, 5..]
Just 45
>>>
find (> 4) (Node (Leaf 3) 17 (Node Empty 12 (Leaf 8)))
Just 17
>>>
find (> 12) [1..7]
Nothing