base-4.16.0.0: Basic libraries
Copyright(c) The University of Glasgow 1992-2002
Licensesee libraries/base/LICENSE
Maintainercvs-ghc@haskell.org
Stabilityinternal
Portabilitynon-portable (GHC Extensions)
Safe HaskellUnsafe
LanguageHaskell2010

GHC.ST

Description

The ST Monad.

Synopsis

Documentation

newtype ST s a Source #

The strict ST monad. The ST monad allows for destructive updates, but is escapable (unlike IO). A computation of type ST s a returns a value of type a, and execute in "thread" s. The s parameter is either

  • an uninstantiated type variable (inside invocations of runST), or
  • RealWorld (inside invocations of stToIO).

It serves to keep the internal states of different invocations of runST separate from each other and from invocations of stToIO.

The >>= and >> operations are strict in the state (though not in values stored in the state). For example,

runST (writeSTRef _|_ v >>= f) = _|_

Constructors

ST (STRep s a) 

Instances

Instances details
Monad (ST s) #

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.ST

Methods

(>>=) :: ST s a -> (a -> ST s b) -> ST s b Source #

(>>) :: ST s a -> ST s b -> ST s b Source #

return :: a -> ST s a Source #

Functor (ST s) #

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.ST

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> ST s a -> ST s b Source #

(<$) :: a -> ST s b -> ST s a Source #

MonadFix (ST s) #

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Fix

Methods

mfix :: (a -> ST s a) -> ST s a Source #

MonadFail (ST s) #

Since: base-4.11.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.ST

Methods

fail :: String -> ST s a Source #

Applicative (ST s) #

Since: base-4.4.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.ST

Methods

pure :: a -> ST s a Source #

(<*>) :: ST s (a -> b) -> ST s a -> ST s b Source #

liftA2 :: (a -> b -> c) -> ST s a -> ST s b -> ST s c Source #

(*>) :: ST s a -> ST s b -> ST s b Source #

(<*) :: ST s a -> ST s b -> ST s a Source #

Show (ST s a) #

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.ST

Methods

showsPrec :: Int -> ST s a -> ShowS Source #

show :: ST s a -> String Source #

showList :: [ST s a] -> ShowS Source #

Semigroup a => Semigroup (ST s a) #

Since: base-4.11.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.ST

Methods

(<>) :: ST s a -> ST s a -> ST s a Source #

sconcat :: NonEmpty (ST s a) -> ST s a Source #

stimes :: Integral b => b -> ST s a -> ST s a Source #

Monoid a => Monoid (ST s a) #

Since: base-4.11.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.ST

Methods

mempty :: ST s a Source #

mappend :: ST s a -> ST s a -> ST s a Source #

mconcat :: [ST s a] -> ST s a Source #

data STret s a Source #

Constructors

STret (State# s) a 

type STRep s a = State# s -> (# State# s, a #) Source #

runST :: (forall s. ST s a) -> a Source #

Return the value computed by a state thread. The forall ensures that the internal state used by the ST computation is inaccessible to the rest of the program.

Unsafe functions

liftST :: ST s a -> State# s -> STret s a Source #

unsafeInterleaveST :: ST s a -> ST s a Source #

unsafeInterleaveST allows an ST computation to be deferred lazily. When passed a value of type ST a, the ST computation will only be performed when the value of the a is demanded.

unsafeDupableInterleaveST :: ST s a -> ST s a Source #

unsafeDupableInterleaveST allows an ST computation to be deferred lazily. When passed a value of type ST a, the ST computation will only be performed when the value of the a is demanded.

The computation may be performed multiple times by different threads, possibly at the same time. To prevent this, use unsafeInterleaveST instead.

Since: base-4.11