base-4.16.0.0: Basic libraries
Copyright(c) The University of Glasgow 2015
Licensesee libraries/ghc-prim/LICENSE
Maintainercvs-ghc@haskell.org
Stabilityinternal
Portabilitynon-portable (GHC Extensions)
Safe HaskellTrustworthy
LanguageHaskell2010

GHC.Stack.Types

Description

type definitions for implicit call-stacks. Use GHC.Stack from the base package instead of importing this module directly.

Synopsis

Implicit call stacks

data CallStack Source #

CallStacks are a lightweight method of obtaining a partial call-stack at any point in the program.

A function can request its call-site with the HasCallStack constraint. For example, we can define

putStrLnWithCallStack :: HasCallStack => String -> IO ()

as a variant of putStrLn that will get its call-site and print it, along with the string given as argument. We can access the call-stack inside putStrLnWithCallStack with callStack.

>>> :{
putStrLnWithCallStack :: HasCallStack => String -> IO ()
putStrLnWithCallStack msg = do
  putStrLn msg
  putStrLn (prettyCallStack callStack)
:}

Thus, if we call putStrLnWithCallStack we will get a formatted call-stack alongside our string.

>>> putStrLnWithCallStack "hello"
hello
CallStack (from HasCallStack):
  putStrLnWithCallStack, called at <interactive>:... in interactive:Ghci...

GHC solves HasCallStack constraints in three steps:

  1. If there is a CallStack in scope -- i.e. the enclosing function has a HasCallStack constraint -- GHC will append the new call-site to the existing CallStack.
  2. If there is no CallStack in scope -- e.g. in the GHCi session above -- and the enclosing definition does not have an explicit type signature, GHC will infer a HasCallStack constraint for the enclosing definition (subject to the monomorphism restriction).
  3. If there is no CallStack in scope and the enclosing definition has an explicit type signature, GHC will solve the HasCallStack constraint for the singleton CallStack containing just the current call-site.

CallStacks do not interact with the RTS and do not require compilation with -prof. On the other hand, as they are built up explicitly via the HasCallStack constraints, they will generally not contain as much information as the simulated call-stacks maintained by the RTS.

A CallStack is a [(String, SrcLoc)]. The String is the name of function that was called, the SrcLoc is the call-site. The list is ordered with the most recently called function at the head.

NOTE: The intrepid user may notice that HasCallStack is just an alias for an implicit parameter ?callStack :: CallStack. This is an implementation detail and should not be considered part of the CallStack API, we may decide to change the implementation in the future.

Since: base-4.8.1.0

Constructors

EmptyCallStack 
PushCallStack [Char] SrcLoc CallStack 
FreezeCallStack CallStack

Freeze the stack at the given CallStack, preventing any further call-sites from being pushed onto it.

Instances

Instances details
IsList CallStack #

Be aware that 'fromList . toList = id' only for unfrozen CallStacks, since toList removes frozenness information.

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Exts

Associated Types

type Item CallStack Source #

Show CallStack #

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Show

type Item CallStack # 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Exts

type HasCallStack = ?callStack :: CallStack Source #

Request a CallStack.

NOTE: The implicit parameter ?callStack :: CallStack is an implementation detail and should not be considered part of the CallStack API, we may decide to change the implementation in the future.

Since: base-4.9.0.0

emptyCallStack :: CallStack Source #

The empty CallStack.

Since: base-4.9.0.0

freezeCallStack :: CallStack -> CallStack Source #

Freeze a call-stack, preventing any further call-sites from being appended.

pushCallStack callSite (freezeCallStack callStack) = freezeCallStack callStack

Since: base-4.9.0.0

fromCallSiteList :: [([Char], SrcLoc)] -> CallStack Source #

Convert a list of call-sites to a CallStack.

Since: base-4.9.0.0

getCallStack :: CallStack -> [([Char], SrcLoc)] Source #

Extract a list of call-sites from the CallStack.

The list is ordered by most recent call.

Since: base-4.8.1.0

pushCallStack :: ([Char], SrcLoc) -> CallStack -> CallStack Source #

Push a call-site onto the stack.

This function has no effect on a frozen CallStack.

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Source locations

data SrcLoc Source #

A single location in the source code.

Since: base-4.8.1.0

Instances

Instances details
Eq SrcLoc #

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Stack.Types

Show SrcLoc #

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Show

Generic SrcLoc # 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Associated Types

type Rep SrcLoc :: Type -> Type Source #

type Rep SrcLoc #

Since: base-4.15.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics