filepath-1.4.100.0: Library for manipulating FilePaths in a cross platform way.

System.OsPath.Data.ByteString.Short.Word16

Description

ShortByteStrings encoded as UTF16-LE, suitable for windows FFI calls.

Word16s are *always* in BE encoding (both input and output), so e.g. pack takes a list of BE encoded [Word16] and produces a UTF16-LE encoded ShortByteString.

Likewise, unpack takes a UTF16-LE encoded ShortByteString and produces a list of BE encoded [Word16].

Indices and lengths are always in respect to Word16, not Word8.

All functions will error out if the input string is not a valid UTF16 stream (uneven number of bytes). So use this module with caution.

Synopsis

The ShortByteString type and representation

A compact representation of a Word8 vector.

It has a lower memory overhead than a ByteString and does not contribute to heap fragmentation. It can be converted to or from a ByteString (at the cost of copying the string data). It supports very few other operations.

Constructors

 SBS ByteArray#

Instances

Instances details
 Instance detailsDefined in Data.ByteString.Short.Internal Methodsgfoldl :: (forall d b. Data d => c (d -> b) -> d -> c b) -> (forall g. g -> c g) -> ShortByteString -> c ShortByteString Source #gunfold :: (forall b r. Data b => c (b -> r) -> c r) -> (forall r. r -> c r) -> Constr -> c ShortByteString Source #dataCast1 :: Typeable t => (forall d. Data d => c (t d)) -> Maybe (c ShortByteString) Source #dataCast2 :: Typeable t => (forall d e. (Data d, Data e) => c (t d e)) -> Maybe (c ShortByteString) Source #gmapT :: (forall b. Data b => b -> b) -> ShortByteString -> ShortByteString Source #gmapQl :: (r -> r' -> r) -> r -> (forall d. Data d => d -> r') -> ShortByteString -> r Source #gmapQr :: forall r r'. (r' -> r -> r) -> r -> (forall d. Data d => d -> r') -> ShortByteString -> r Source #gmapQ :: (forall d. Data d => d -> u) -> ShortByteString -> [u] Source #gmapQi :: Int -> (forall d. Data d => d -> u) -> ShortByteString -> u Source #gmapM :: Monad m => (forall d. Data d => d -> m d) -> ShortByteString -> m ShortByteString Source #gmapMp :: MonadPlus m => (forall d. Data d => d -> m d) -> ShortByteString -> m ShortByteString Source #gmapMo :: MonadPlus m => (forall d. Data d => d -> m d) -> ShortByteString -> m ShortByteString Source # Beware: fromString truncates multi-byte characters to octets. e.g. "枯朶に烏のとまりけり秋の暮" becomes �6k�nh~�Q��n� Instance detailsDefined in Data.ByteString.Short.Internal Methods Instance detailsDefined in Data.ByteString.Short.Internal Methods Instance detailsDefined in Data.ByteString.Short.Internal Methodsstimes :: Integral b => b -> ShortByteString -> ShortByteString Source # Since: bytestring-0.10.12.0 Instance detailsDefined in Data.ByteString.Short.Internal Associated Types Methods Instance detailsDefined in Data.ByteString.Short.Internal Methods Instance detailsDefined in Data.ByteString.Short.Internal Methods Instance detailsDefined in Data.ByteString.Short.Internal Methodsrnf :: ShortByteString -> () Source # Instance detailsDefined in Data.ByteString.Short.Internal Methods Instance detailsDefined in Data.ByteString.Short.Internal Methods Since: bytestring-0.11.2.0 Instance detailsDefined in Data.ByteString.Short.Internal Methodslift :: Quote m => ShortByteString -> m Exp Source #liftTyped :: forall (m :: Type -> Type). Quote m => ShortByteString -> Code m ShortByteString Source # Instance detailsDefined in Data.ByteString.Short.Internal

Introducing and eliminating ShortByteStrings

O(1). The empty ShortByteString.

O(1) Convert a Word16 into a ShortByteString

pack :: [Word16] -> ShortByteString Source #

O(n). Convert a list into a ShortByteString

O(n). Convert a ShortByteString into a list.

O(n). Convert a ShortByteString into a ByteString.

O(n). Convert a ByteString into a ShortByteString.

This makes a copy, so does not retain the input string.

Basic interface

snoc :: ShortByteString -> Word16 -> ShortByteString infixl 5 Source #

O(n) Append a Word16 to the end of a ShortByteString

Note: copies the entire byte array

cons :: Word16 -> ShortByteString -> ShortByteString infixr 5 Source #

O(n) cons is analogous to (:) for lists.

Note: copies the entire byte array

O(1) Extract the last element of a ShortByteString, which must be finite and at least one Word16. An exception will be thrown in the case of an empty ShortByteString.

O(n) Extract the elements after the head of a ShortByteString, which must at least one Word16. An exception will be thrown in the case of an empty ShortByteString.

Note: copies the entire byte array

O(n) Extract the head and tail of a ByteString, returning Nothing if it is empty.

O(1) Extract the first element of a ShortByteString, which must be at least one Word16. An exception will be thrown in the case of an empty ShortByteString.

O(n) Return all the elements of a ShortByteString except the last one. An exception will be thrown in the case of an empty ShortByteString.

Note: copies the entire byte array

O(n) Extract the init and last of a ByteString, returning Nothing if it is empty.

O(1) Test whether a ShortByteString is empty.

O(1) The length of a ShortByteString.

This is like length, but the number of Word16, not Word8.

Transforming ShortByteStrings

O(n) map f xs is the ShortByteString obtained by applying f to each element of xs.

O(n) reverse xs efficiently returns the elements of xs in reverse order.

O(n) The intercalate function takes a ShortByteString and a list of ShortByteStrings and concatenates the list after interspersing the first argument between each element of the list.

Since: bytestring-0.11.3.0

Reducing ShortByteStrings (folds)

foldl :: (a -> Word16 -> a) -> a -> ShortByteString -> a Source #

foldl, applied to a binary operator, a starting value (typically the left-identity of the operator), and a ShortByteString, reduces the ShortByteString using the binary operator, from left to right.

foldl' :: (a -> Word16 -> a) -> a -> ShortByteString -> a Source #

foldl' is like foldl, but strict in the accumulator.

foldl1 :: HasCallStack => (Word16 -> Word16 -> Word16) -> ShortByteString -> Word16 Source #

foldl1 is a variant of foldl that has no starting value argument, and thus must be applied to non-empty ShortByteStrings. An exception will be thrown in the case of an empty ShortByteString.

foldl1' is like foldl1, but strict in the accumulator. An exception will be thrown in the case of an empty ShortByteString.

foldr :: (Word16 -> a -> a) -> a -> ShortByteString -> a Source #

foldr, applied to a binary operator, a starting value (typically the right-identity of the operator), and a ShortByteString, reduces the ShortByteString using the binary operator, from right to left.

foldr' :: (Word16 -> a -> a) -> a -> ShortByteString -> a Source #

foldr' is like foldr, but strict in the accumulator.

foldr1 :: HasCallStack => (Word16 -> Word16 -> Word16) -> ShortByteString -> Word16 Source #

foldr1 is a variant of foldr that has no starting value argument, and thus must be applied to non-empty ShortByteStrings An exception will be thrown in the case of an empty ShortByteString.

foldr1' is a variant of foldr1, but is strict in the accumulator.

Special folds

all :: (Word16 -> Bool) -> ShortByteString -> Bool Source #

O(n) Applied to a predicate and a ShortByteString, all determines if all elements of the ShortByteString satisfy the predicate.

any :: (Word16 -> Bool) -> ShortByteString -> Bool Source #

O(n) Applied to a predicate and a ByteString, any determines if any element of the ByteString satisfies the predicate.

Generating and unfolding ByteStrings

O(n) replicate n x is a ByteString of length n with x the value of every element. The following holds:

replicate w c = unfoldr w (\u -> Just (u,u)) c

unfoldr :: (a -> Maybe (Word16, a)) -> a -> ShortByteString Source #

O(n), where n is the length of the result. The unfoldr function is analogous to the List 'unfoldr'. unfoldr builds a ShortByteString from a seed value. The function takes the element and returns Nothing if it is done producing the ShortByteString or returns Just (a,b), in which case, a is the next byte in the string, and b is the seed value for further production.

This function is not efficient/safe. It will build a list of [Word16] and run the generator until it returns Nothing, otherwise recurse infinitely, then finally create a ShortByteString.

Examples:

   unfoldr (\x -> if x <= 5 then Just (x, x + 1) else Nothing) 0
== pack [0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

Arguments

 :: forall a. Int number of Word16 -> (a -> Maybe (Word16, a)) -> a -> (ShortByteString, Maybe a)

O(n) Like unfoldr, unfoldrN builds a ShortByteString from a seed value. However, the length of the result is limited by the first argument to unfoldrN. This function is more efficient than unfoldr when the maximum length of the result is known.

The following equation relates unfoldrN and unfoldr:

fst (unfoldrN n f s) == take n (unfoldr f s)

Substrings

Breaking strings

Arguments

 :: Int number of Word16 -> ShortByteString -> ShortByteString

O(n) take n, applied to a ShortByteString xs, returns the prefix of xs of length n, or xs itself if n > length xs.

Note: copies the entire byte array

Arguments

 :: Int number of Word16 -> ShortByteString -> ShortByteString

O(1) takeEnd n xs is equivalent to drop (length xs - n) xs. Takes n elements from end of bytestring.

>>> takeEnd 3 "a\NULb\NULc\NULd\NULe\NULf\NULg\NUL"
"e\NULf\NULg\NUL"
>>> takeEnd 0 "a\NULb\NULc\NULd\NULe\NULf\NULg\NUL"
""
>>> takeEnd 4 "a\NULb\NULc\NUL"
"a\NULb\NULc\NUL"


Returns the longest (possibly empty) suffix of elements satisfying the predicate.

takeWhileEnd p is equivalent to reverse . takeWhile p . reverse.

Similar to takeWhile, returns the longest (possibly empty) prefix of elements satisfying the predicate.

Arguments

 :: Int number of Word16 -> ShortByteString -> ShortByteString

O(n) drop n xs returns the suffix of xs after the first n elements, or [] if n > length xs.

Note: copies the entire byte array

Arguments

 :: Int number of Word16 -> ShortByteString -> ShortByteString

O(1) dropEnd n xs is equivalent to take (length xs - n) xs. Drops n elements from end of bytestring.

>>> dropEnd 3 "a\NULb\NULc\NULd\NULe\NULf\NULg\NUL"
"a\NULb\NULc\NULd\NUL"
>>> dropEnd 0 "a\NULb\NULc\NULd\NULe\NULf\NULg\NUL"
"a\NULb\NULc\NULd\NULe\NULf\NULg\NUL"
>>> dropEnd 4 "a\NULb\NULc\NUL"
""


Similar to dropWhile, drops the longest (possibly empty) prefix of elements satisfying the predicate and returns the remainder.

Note: copies the entire byte array

Similar to dropWhileEnd, drops the longest (possibly empty) suffix of elements satisfying the predicate and returns the remainder.

dropWhileEnd p is equivalent to reverse . dropWhile p . reverse.

Since: filepath-0.10.12.0

Returns the longest (possibly empty) suffix of elements which do not satisfy the predicate and the remainder of the string.

breakEnd p is equivalent to spanEnd (not . p) and to (takeWhileEnd (not . p) &&& dropWhileEnd (not . p)).

Similar to break, returns the longest (possibly empty) prefix of elements which do not satisfy the predicate and the remainder of the string.

break p is equivalent to span (not . p) and to (takeWhile (not . p) &&& dropWhile (not . p)).

Similar to span, returns the longest (possibly empty) prefix of elements satisfying the predicate and the remainder of the string.

span p is equivalent to break (not . p) and to (takeWhile p &&& dropWhile p).

Returns the longest (possibly empty) suffix of elements satisfying the predicate and the remainder of the string.

spanEnd p is equivalent to breakEnd (not . p) and to (takeWhileEnd p &&& dropWhileEnd p).

We have

spanEnd (not . isSpace) "x y z" == ("x y ", "z")

and

spanEnd (not . isSpace) ps
==
let (x, y) = span (not . isSpace) (reverse ps) in (reverse y, reverse x)

Arguments

 :: Int number of Word16 -> ShortByteString -> (ShortByteString, ShortByteString)

O(n) splitAt n xs is equivalent to (take n xs, drop n xs).

Note: copies the substrings

O(n) Break a ShortByteString into pieces separated by the byte argument, consuming the delimiter. I.e.

split 10  "a\nb\nd\ne" == ["a","b","d","e"]   -- fromEnum '\n' == 10
split 97  "aXaXaXa"    == ["","X","X","X",""] -- fromEnum 'a' == 97
split 120 "x"          == ["",""]             -- fromEnum 'x' == 120
split undefined ""     == []                  -- and not [""]

and

intercalate [c] . split c == id
split == splitWith . (==)

Note: copies the substrings

splitWith :: (Word16 -> Bool) -> ShortByteString -> [ShortByteString] Source #

O(n) Splits a ShortByteString into components delimited by separators, where the predicate returns True for a separator element. The resulting components do not contain the separators. Two adjacent separators result in an empty component in the output. eg.

splitWith (==97) "aabbaca" == ["","","bb","c",""] -- fromEnum 'a' == 97
splitWith undefined ""     == []                  -- and not [""]

O(n) The stripSuffix function takes two ShortByteStrings and returns Just the remainder of the second iff the first is its suffix, and otherwise Nothing.

Since: bytestring-0.11.3.0

O(n) The stripPrefix function takes two ShortByteStrings and returns Just the remainder of the second iff the first is its prefix, and otherwise Nothing.

Since: bytestring-0.11.3.0

Predicates

Check whether one string is a substring of another.

Since: bytestring-0.11.3.0

O(n) The isPrefixOf function takes two ShortByteStrings and returns True

Since: bytestring-0.11.3.0

O(n) The isSuffixOf function takes two ShortByteStrings and returns True iff the first is a suffix of the second.

The following holds:

isSuffixOf x y == reverse x isPrefixOf reverse y

Since: bytestring-0.11.3.0

Search for arbitrary substrings

Arguments

 :: ShortByteString String to search for -> ShortByteString String to search in -> (ShortByteString, ShortByteString) Head and tail of string broken at substring

Break a string on a substring, returning a pair of the part of the string prior to the match, and the rest of the string.

The following relationships hold:

break (== c) l == breakSubstring (singleton c) l

For example, to tokenise a string, dropping delimiters:

tokenise x y = h : if null t then [] else tokenise x (drop (length x) t)
where (h,t) = breakSubstring x y

snd (breakSubstring x y)

To take the parts of a string before a delimiter:

fst (breakSubstring x y)

Note that calling breakSubstring x does some preprocessing work, so you should avoid unnecessarily duplicating breakSubstring calls with the same pattern.

Since: bytestring-0.11.3.0

Searching ShortByteStrings

Searching by equality

O(n) elem is the ShortByteString membership predicate.

Searching with a predicate

find :: (Word16 -> Bool) -> ShortByteString -> Maybe Word16 Source #

O(n) The find function takes a predicate and a ByteString, and returns the first element in matching the predicate, or Nothing if there is no such element.

find f p = case findIndex f p of Just n -> Just (p ! n) ; _ -> Nothing

O(n) filter, applied to a predicate and a ByteString, returns a ByteString containing those characters that satisfy the predicate.

O(n) The partition function takes a predicate a ByteString and returns the pair of ByteStrings with elements which do and do not satisfy the predicate, respectively; i.e.,

partition p bs == (filter p xs, filter (not . p) xs)

Indexing ShortByteStrings

Arguments

 :: HasCallStack => ShortByteString -> Int number of Word16 -> Word16

O(1) ShortByteString index (subscript) operator, starting from 0.

Arguments

 :: ShortByteString -> Int number of Word16 -> Maybe Word16

O(1) ShortByteString index, starting from 0, that returns Just if:

0 <= n < length bs

Since: filepath-0.11.0.0

Arguments

 :: ShortByteString -> Int number of Word16 -> Maybe Word16

O(1) ShortByteString index, starting from 0, that returns Just if:

0 <= n < length bs

Since: filepath-0.11.0.0

Arguments

 :: Word16 -> ShortByteString -> Maybe Int number of Word16

O(n) The elemIndex function returns the index of the first element in the given ShortByteString which is equal to the query element, or Nothing if there is no such element.

O(n) The elemIndices function extends elemIndex, by returning the indices of all elements equal to the query element, in ascending order.

count returns the number of times its argument appears in the ShortByteString

O(n) The findIndex function takes a predicate and a ShortByteString and returns the index of the first element in the ByteString satisfying the predicate.

findIndices :: (Word16 -> Bool) -> ShortByteString -> [Int] Source #

O(n) The findIndices function extends findIndex, by returning the indices of all elements satisfying the predicate, in ascending order.

Low level conversions

Packing CStrings and pointers

O(n). Construct a new ShortByteString from a CWString. The resulting ShortByteString is an immutable copy of the original CWString, and is managed on the Haskell heap. The original CWString must be null terminated.

Since: filepath-0.10.10.0

O(n). Construct a new ShortByteString from a CWStringLen. The resulting ShortByteString is an immutable copy of the original CWStringLen. The ShortByteString is a normal Haskell value and will be managed on the Haskell heap.

Since: filepath-0.10.10.0

O(n) construction. Use a ShortByteString with a function requiring a CWStringLen. As for useAsCWString this function makes a copy of the original ShortByteString. It must not be stored or used after the subcomputation finishes.

Since: filepath-0.10.10.0

Using ShortByteStrings as CStrings

useAsCWString :: ShortByteString -> (Ptr Word16 -> IO a) -> IO a Source #

O(n) construction. Use a ShortByteString with a function requiring a null-terminated CWString. The CWString is a copy and will be freed automatically; it must not be stored or used after the subcomputation finishes.

Since: filepath-0.10.10.0

useAsCWStringLen :: ShortByteString -> ((Ptr Word16, Int) -> IO a) -> IO a Source #

O(n) construction. Use a ShortByteString with a function requiring a CWStringLen. As for useAsCWString this function makes a copy of the original ShortByteString. It must not be stored or used after the subcomputation finishes.

Since: filepath-0.10.10.0