Copyright  (c) Andy Gill 2001 (c) Oregon Graduate Institute of Science and Technology 2001 

License  BSDstyle (see the file LICENSE) 
Maintainer  R.Paterson@city.ac.uk 
Stability  experimental 
Portability  portable 
Safe Haskell  Safe 
Language  Haskell2010 
The lazy WriterT
monad transformer, which adds collection of
outputs (such as a count or string output) to a given monad.
This monad transformer provides only limited access to the output during the computation. For more general access, use Control.Monad.Trans.State instead.
This version builds its output lazily; for a constantspace version with almost the same interface, see Control.Monad.Trans.Writer.CPS.
Synopsis
 type Writer w = WriterT w Identity
 writer :: forall (m :: Type > Type) a w. Monad m => (a, w) > WriterT w m a
 runWriter :: Writer w a > (a, w)
 execWriter :: Writer w a > w
 mapWriter :: ((a, w) > (b, w')) > Writer w a > Writer w' b
 newtype WriterT w (m :: Type > Type) a = WriterT {
 runWriterT :: m (a, w)
 execWriterT :: Monad m => WriterT w m a > m w
 mapWriterT :: (m (a, w) > n (b, w')) > WriterT w m a > WriterT w' n b
 tell :: forall (m :: Type > Type) w. Monad m => w > WriterT w m ()
 listen :: forall (m :: Type > Type) w a. Monad m => WriterT w m a > WriterT w m (a, w)
 listens :: forall (m :: Type > Type) w b a. Monad m => (w > b) > WriterT w m a > WriterT w m (a, b)
 pass :: forall (m :: Type > Type) w a. Monad m => WriterT w m (a, w > w) > WriterT w m a
 censor :: forall (m :: Type > Type) w a. Monad m => (w > w) > WriterT w m a > WriterT w m a
 liftCallCC :: Monoid w => CallCC m (a, w) (b, w) > CallCC (WriterT w m) a b
 liftCatch :: Catch e m (a, w) > Catch e (WriterT w m) a
The Writer monad
writer :: forall (m :: Type > Type) a w. Monad m => (a, w) > WriterT w m a Source #
Construct a writer computation from a (result, output) pair.
(The inverse of runWriter
.)
runWriter :: Writer w a > (a, w) Source #
Unwrap a writer computation as a (result, output) pair.
(The inverse of writer
.)
execWriter :: Writer w a > w Source #
Extract the output from a writer computation.
execWriter
m =snd
(runWriter
m)
The WriterT monad transformer
newtype WriterT w (m :: Type > Type) a Source #
A writer monad parameterized by:
w
 the output to accumulate.m
 The inner monad.
The return
function produces the output mempty
, while m
combines the outputs of the subcomputations using >>=
kmappend
(also
known as <>
):
WriterT  

Instances
execWriterT :: Monad m => WriterT w m a > m w Source #
Extract the output from a writer computation.
execWriterT
m =liftM
snd
(runWriterT
m)
mapWriterT :: (m (a, w) > n (b, w')) > WriterT w m a > WriterT w' n b Source #
Map both the return value and output of a computation using the given function.
runWriterT
(mapWriterT
f m) = f (runWriterT
m)
Writer operations
tell :: forall (m :: Type > Type) w. Monad m => w > WriterT w m () Source #
is an action that produces the output tell
ww
.
listen :: forall (m :: Type > Type) w a. Monad m => WriterT w m a > WriterT w m (a, w) Source #
is an action that executes the action listen
mm
and adds its
output to the value of the computation.
runWriterT
(listen
m) =liftM
(\ (a, w) > ((a, w), w)) (runWriterT
m)
listens :: forall (m :: Type > Type) w b a. Monad m => (w > b) > WriterT w m a > WriterT w m (a, b) Source #
is an action that executes the action listens
f mm
and adds
the result of applying f
to the output to the value of the computation.
listens
f m =liftM
(id *** f) (listen
m)runWriterT
(listens
f m) =liftM
(\ (a, w) > ((a, f w), w)) (runWriterT
m)
pass :: forall (m :: Type > Type) w a. Monad m => WriterT w m (a, w > w) > WriterT w m a Source #
is an action that executes the action pass
mm
, which returns
a value and a function, and returns the value, applying the function
to the output.
runWriterT
(pass
m) =liftM
(\ ((a, f), w) > (a, f w)) (runWriterT
m)
censor :: forall (m :: Type > Type) w a. Monad m => (w > w) > WriterT w m a > WriterT w m a Source #
is an action that executes the action censor
f mm
and
applies the function f
to its output, leaving the return value
unchanged.
censor
f m =pass
(liftM
(\ x > (x,f)) m)runWriterT
(censor
f m) =liftM
(\ (a, w) > (a, f w)) (runWriterT
m)
Lifting other operations
liftCallCC :: Monoid w => CallCC m (a, w) (b, w) > CallCC (WriterT w m) a b Source #
Lift a callCC
operation to the new monad.
The uniformity property (see Control.Monad.Signatures) implies that
the lifted callCC
discards any output from the body on entering
the saved condinuation.